Is the world becoming a better place? Or are we becoming worse off? The Western answers to these questions are becoming increasingly pessimistic. Even Francis Fukuyama is becoming pessimistic. After the election of Donald Trump, he said, “The risk of sliding into a world of competitive and equally angry nationalisms is huge.” Yet, the evidence suggests that we should be optimistic. Absolute poverty is diminishing rapidly. Infant mortality is declining. People are living longer. Middle class populations are exploding all around the world. Literacy is spreading like wildfire. We are now seeing the best-educated population ever in human history. And why are things better? The simple answer is that the world is seeing the universalisation of Western reasoning. As a result, the world has seen three major revolutions. Firstly, governments are now accountable to their people, not people to governments. Secondly, rational governance is spreading to all corners. Thirdly, science and technology are also being applied universally. This is why the world is now seeing a new global paradox. While the West is becoming pessimistic, the rest are becoming optimistic. This lecture will explain the new global paradox.